Maxillofacial trauma and the role of alcohol

S. Laverick, N. Patel, D. C. Jones

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    35 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Interpersonal violence is often associated with alcohol misuse. Most injuries that result from interpersonal violence affect the face, and maxillofacial surgeons are responsible for their treatment. Consequently maxillofacial surgeons are well placed to audit and help multi-agency task groups to address this social problem. An audit was undertaken of two years' emergency referrals within the Merseyside region to assess the association of maxillofacial trauma and alcohol. The age and sex distribution were assessed together with the cause and place where the injury occurred. Results show an involvement of alcohol with interpersonal violence of 72%, which is the highest published association. We also analysed the type of injury and the place where each injury occurred, and the association with alcohol in each circumstance. In an attempt to identify alcohol misuse, an Alcohol use Disorders Identification Test questionnaire (AUDIT) was used to offer a brief intervention to educate and modify hazardous, harmful, or dependent alcoholic behaviour.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)542-546
    Number of pages5
    JournalBritish Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
    Volume46
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Fingerprint

    Alcohols
    Wounds and Injuries
    Violence
    Sex Distribution
    Social Problems
    Age Distribution
    Emergencies
    Referral and Consultation
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
    Therapeutics

    Keywords

    • Accidental Falls
    • Accidents, Traffic
    • Adolescent
    • Adult
    • Age Distribution
    • Aged
    • Alcohol Drinking
    • Alcoholism
    • Child
    • Dental Audit
    • Emergency Medical Services
    • England
    • Female
    • Humans
    • Intervention Studies
    • Male
    • Maxillofacial Injuries
    • Middle Aged
    • Patient Education as Topic
    • Prospective Studies
    • Questionnaires
    • Referral and Consultation
    • Risk-Taking
    • Sex Distribution
    • Violence
    • Young Adult

    Cite this

    Laverick, S. ; Patel, N. ; Jones, D. C. / Maxillofacial trauma and the role of alcohol. In: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 2008 ; Vol. 46, No. 7. pp. 542-546.
    @article{da366e64f7cd47cbb07a0e7e8537ce81,
    title = "Maxillofacial trauma and the role of alcohol",
    abstract = "Interpersonal violence is often associated with alcohol misuse. Most injuries that result from interpersonal violence affect the face, and maxillofacial surgeons are responsible for their treatment. Consequently maxillofacial surgeons are well placed to audit and help multi-agency task groups to address this social problem. An audit was undertaken of two years' emergency referrals within the Merseyside region to assess the association of maxillofacial trauma and alcohol. The age and sex distribution were assessed together with the cause and place where the injury occurred. Results show an involvement of alcohol with interpersonal violence of 72{\%}, which is the highest published association. We also analysed the type of injury and the place where each injury occurred, and the association with alcohol in each circumstance. In an attempt to identify alcohol misuse, an Alcohol use Disorders Identification Test questionnaire (AUDIT) was used to offer a brief intervention to educate and modify hazardous, harmful, or dependent alcoholic behaviour.",
    keywords = "Accidental Falls, Accidents, Traffic, Adolescent, Adult, Age Distribution, Aged, Alcohol Drinking, Alcoholism, Child, Dental Audit, Emergency Medical Services, England, Female, Humans, Intervention Studies, Male, Maxillofacial Injuries, Middle Aged, Patient Education as Topic, Prospective Studies, Questionnaires, Referral and Consultation, Risk-Taking, Sex Distribution, Violence, Young Adult",
    author = "S. Laverick and N. Patel and Jones, {D. C.}",
    year = "2008",
    doi = "10.1016/j.bjoms.2008.01.021",
    language = "English",
    volume = "46",
    pages = "542--546",
    journal = "British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery",
    issn = "0266-4356",
    publisher = "Elsevier",
    number = "7",

    }

    Maxillofacial trauma and the role of alcohol. / Laverick, S.; Patel, N.; Jones, D. C.

    In: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vol. 46, No. 7, 2008, p. 542-546.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Maxillofacial trauma and the role of alcohol

    AU - Laverick, S.

    AU - Patel, N.

    AU - Jones, D. C.

    PY - 2008

    Y1 - 2008

    N2 - Interpersonal violence is often associated with alcohol misuse. Most injuries that result from interpersonal violence affect the face, and maxillofacial surgeons are responsible for their treatment. Consequently maxillofacial surgeons are well placed to audit and help multi-agency task groups to address this social problem. An audit was undertaken of two years' emergency referrals within the Merseyside region to assess the association of maxillofacial trauma and alcohol. The age and sex distribution were assessed together with the cause and place where the injury occurred. Results show an involvement of alcohol with interpersonal violence of 72%, which is the highest published association. We also analysed the type of injury and the place where each injury occurred, and the association with alcohol in each circumstance. In an attempt to identify alcohol misuse, an Alcohol use Disorders Identification Test questionnaire (AUDIT) was used to offer a brief intervention to educate and modify hazardous, harmful, or dependent alcoholic behaviour.

    AB - Interpersonal violence is often associated with alcohol misuse. Most injuries that result from interpersonal violence affect the face, and maxillofacial surgeons are responsible for their treatment. Consequently maxillofacial surgeons are well placed to audit and help multi-agency task groups to address this social problem. An audit was undertaken of two years' emergency referrals within the Merseyside region to assess the association of maxillofacial trauma and alcohol. The age and sex distribution were assessed together with the cause and place where the injury occurred. Results show an involvement of alcohol with interpersonal violence of 72%, which is the highest published association. We also analysed the type of injury and the place where each injury occurred, and the association with alcohol in each circumstance. In an attempt to identify alcohol misuse, an Alcohol use Disorders Identification Test questionnaire (AUDIT) was used to offer a brief intervention to educate and modify hazardous, harmful, or dependent alcoholic behaviour.

    KW - Accidental Falls

    KW - Accidents, Traffic

    KW - Adolescent

    KW - Adult

    KW - Age Distribution

    KW - Aged

    KW - Alcohol Drinking

    KW - Alcoholism

    KW - Child

    KW - Dental Audit

    KW - Emergency Medical Services

    KW - England

    KW - Female

    KW - Humans

    KW - Intervention Studies

    KW - Male

    KW - Maxillofacial Injuries

    KW - Middle Aged

    KW - Patient Education as Topic

    KW - Prospective Studies

    KW - Questionnaires

    KW - Referral and Consultation

    KW - Risk-Taking

    KW - Sex Distribution

    KW - Violence

    KW - Young Adult

    U2 - 10.1016/j.bjoms.2008.01.021

    DO - 10.1016/j.bjoms.2008.01.021

    M3 - Article

    VL - 46

    SP - 542

    EP - 546

    JO - British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

    JF - British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

    SN - 0266-4356

    IS - 7

    ER -