MdmX is a substrate for the deubiquitinating enzyme USP2a

N. Allende-Vega, A. Sparks, D. P. Lane, M. K. Saville (Lead / Corresponding author)

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    Abstract

    It has previously been shown that ubiquitin-specific protease 2a (USP2a) is a regulator of the Mdm2/p53 pathway. USP2a binds to Mdm2 and can deubiquitinate Mdm2 without reversing Mdm2-mediated p53 ubiquitination. Overexpression of USP2a causes accumulation of Mdm2 and promotes p53 degradation. We now show that MdmX is also a substrate for USP2a. MdmX associates with USP2a independently of Mdm2. Ectopic expression of wild-type USP2a but not a catalytic mutant prevents Mdm2-mediated degradation of MdmX. This correlates with the ability of wild-type USP2a to deubiquitinate MdmX. siRNA-mediated knockdown of USP2a in NTERA-2 testicular embryonal carcinoma cells and MCF7 breast cancer cells causes destabilization of MdmX and results in a decrease in MdmX protein levels, showing that endogenous USP2a participates in the regulation of MdmX stability. The therapeutic drug, cisplatin decreases MdmX protein expression. USP2a mRNA and protein levels were also reduced after cisplatin exposure. The magnitude and time course of USP2a downregulation suggests that the reduction in USP2a levels could contribute to the decrease in MdmX expression following treatment with cisplatin. Knockdown of USP2a increases the sensitivity of NTERA-2 cells to cisplatin, raising the possibility that suppression of USP2a in combination with cisplatin may be an approach for cancer therapy. Oncogene (2010) 29, 432-441; doi:10.1038/onc.2009.330; published online 19 October 2009

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)432-441
    Number of pages10
    JournalOncogene
    Volume29
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2010

    Keywords

    • USP2a
    • MdmX
    • Mdm2
    • p53
    • ubiquitin
    • deubiquitinating enzyme
    • P53 ACTIVATION
    • DNA-DAMAGE
    • IN-VIVO
    • EMBRYONIC LETHALITY
    • UBIQUITIN LIGASE
    • PROSTATE-CANCER
    • TARGETING MDM2
    • CISPLATIN
    • CELLS
    • PATHWAY

    Cite this

    Allende-Vega, N., Sparks, A., Lane, D. P., & Saville, M. K. (2010). MdmX is a substrate for the deubiquitinating enzyme USP2a. Oncogene, 29(3), 432-441. https://doi.org/10.1038/onc.2009.330