The effects of exposure to atmosphere (ageing) and light-soaking on coplanar dark- and photo-conductivity of silicon films of varying crystallinity are examined. Dark conductivity generally increases on ageing in films with significant amorphous fraction and decreases in largely crystalline films, and may be reversed by annealing under vacuum at 130 °C consistent with adsorption and desorption of atmospheric components. Thinner films are more strongly affected by ageing. Boron doping appears to compensate charge introduced by ageing, though there are disagreements in detail. In comparison with ageing, moderate light-soaking affects dark conductivity in transitional microcrystalline silicon films only slightly. Both processes change the majority carrier mu–tau product in line with shifts in Fermi level position.
Smirnov, V., Reynolds, S., Finger, F., Carius, R., & Main, C. (2006). Metastable effects in silicon thin films: atmospheric adsorption and light-induced degradation. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 352(9-20), 1075-1078. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2005.12.014