Microvascular resistance of the culprit coronary artery in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction

David Carrick, Caroline Haig, Jaclyn Carberry, Vannesa Teng Yue May, Peter McCartney, Paul Welsh, Nadeem Ahmed, Margaret McEntegart, Mark C. Petrie, Hany Eteiba, Mitchell Lindsay, Stuart Hood, Stuart Watkins, Ahmed Mahrous, Samuli M.O. Rauhalammi, Ify Mordi, Ian Ford, Aleksandra Radjenovic, Naveed Sattar, Keith G. OldroydColin Berry (Lead / Corresponding author)

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    Abstract

    BACKGROUND. Failed myocardial reperfusion is common and prognostically important after acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The purpose of this study was to investigate coronary flow reserve (CFR), a measure of vasodilator capacity, and the index of microvascular resistance (IMR; mmHg × s) in the culprit artery of STEMI survivors. 

    METHODS. IMR (n = 288) and CFR (n = 283; mean age [SD], 60 [12] years) were measured acutely using guide wire-based thermodilution. Cardiac MRI disclosed left ventricular pathology, function, and volumes at 2 days (n = 281) and 6 months after STEMI (n = 264). All-cause death or first heart failure hospitalization was independently adjudicated (median follow-up 845 days).

    RESULTS. Myocardial hemorrhage and microvascular obstruction occurred in 89 (42%) and 114 (54%) patients with evaluable T2*-MRI maps. IMR and CFR were associated with microvascular pathology (none vs. microvascular obstruction only vs. microvascular obstruction and myocardial hemorrhage) (median [interquartile range], IMR: 17 [12.0-33.0] vs. 17 [13.0-39.0] vs. 37 [21.0-63.0], P < 0.001; CFR: 1.7 [1.4-2.5] vs. 1.5 [1.1-1.8] vs. 1.4 [1.0-1.8], P < 0.001), whereas thrombolysis in myocardial infarction blush grade was not. IMR was a multivariable associate of changes in left ventricular end-diastolic volume (regression coefficient [95% CI] 0.13 [0.01, 0.24]; P = 0.036), whereas CFR was not (P = 0.160). IMR (5 units) was a multivariable associate of all-cause death or heart failure hospitalization (n = 30 events; hazard ratio [95% CI], 1.09 [1.04, 1.14]; P < 0.001), whereas CFR (P = 0.124) and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction blush grade (P = 0.613) were not. IMR had similar prognostic value for these outcomes as <50% ST-segment resolution on the ECG. 

    CONCLUSIONS. IMR is more closely associated with microvascular pathology, left ventricular remodeling, and health outcomes than the angiogram or CFR.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere85768
    Number of pages18
    JournalJCI Insight
    Volume1
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2016

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Medicine

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