This chapter focuses on disseminated meanings of military or civil authoritarian rule in the political culture of Turkey, where the idea that democracy might be put aside under certain circumstances is legitimised in the name of consolidating the ongoing regime and securing the system. We believe that the shared social frameworks (Hawlbachs, 1926/1950) formed around the periods where the authorities declared a state of emergency or invoked martial laws disseminate a political culture that emphasises the securitisation concerns of the regime and impacts how people consolidate their collective identities as citizens of Turkey. An analysis of archived and contemporary data sources examines three military coups (1960, 1971 and 1980), the 1997 memorandum and the state of emergency period after the July 15, 2016 coup attempt as examples of civil and military authoritarian periods where democracy was interrupted in different forms. Findings suggest that the state of emergencies and/or military coups are framed based on defining and saving the Republic of Turkey and defining the citizen in a manner that unifies them under a national identity.
|Title of host publication||Examining Complex Intergroup Relations|
|Subtitle of host publication||Through the Lens of Turkey|
|Editors||Hüseyin Çakal, Shenel Husnu|
|Publisher||Taylor and Francis|
|Number of pages||17|
|ISBN (Print)||9781032022260, 9781032022284|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Sep 2022|