Military coups, states of emergency and their effects on political culture and national identity in Turkey

Yasemin Gülsüm Acar, Elif Sandal Önal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter focuses on disseminated meanings of military or civil authoritarian rule in the political culture of Turkey, where the idea that democracy might be put aside under certain circumstances is legitimised in the name of consolidating the ongoing regime and securing the system. We believe that the shared social frameworks (Hawlbachs, 1926/1950) formed around the periods where the authorities declared a state of emergency or invoked martial laws disseminate a political culture that emphasises the securitisation concerns of the regime and impacts how people consolidate their collective identities as citizens of Turkey. An analysis of archived and contemporary data sources examines three military coups (1960, 1971 and 1980), the 1997 memorandum and the state of emergency period after the July 15, 2016 coup attempt as examples of civil and military authoritarian periods where democracy was interrupted in different forms. Findings suggest that the state of emergencies and/or military coups are framed based on defining and saving the Republic of Turkey and defining the citizen in a manner that unifies them under a national identity.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationExamining Complex Intergroup Relations
Subtitle of host publicationThrough the Lens of Turkey
EditorsHüseyin Çakal, Shenel Husnu
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781003182436
ISBN (Print)9781032022260, 9781032022284
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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