Mirror-image packing provides a molecular basis for the nanomolar equipotency of enantiomers of an experimental herbicide

Claudine Bisson, K. Linda Britton, Svetlana E. Sedelnikova, H. Fiona Rodgers, Thomas C. Eadsforth, Russell C. Viner, Tim R. Hawkes, Patrick J. Baker (Lead / Corresponding author), David W. Rice (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Programs of drug discovery generally exploit one enantiomer of a chiral compound for lead development following the principle that enantiomer recognition is central to biological specificity. However, chiral promiscuity has been identified for a number of enzyme families, which have shown that mirror-image packing can enable opposite enantiomers to be accommodated in an enzyme's active site. Reported here is a series of crystallographic studies of complexes between an enzyme and a potent experimental herbicide whose chiral center forms an essential part of the inhibitor pharmacophore. Initial studies with a racemate at 1.85 Å resolution failed to identify the chirality of the bound inhibitor, however, by extending the resolution to 1.1 Å and by analyzing high-resolution complexes with the enantiopure compounds, we determined that both enantiomers make equivalent pseudosymmetric interactions in the active site, thus mimicking an achiral reaction intermediate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13485-13489
Number of pages5
JournalAngewandte Chemie International Edition
Volume55
Issue number43
Early online date26 Sep 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • chirality
  • drug design
  • enantioselectivity
  • inhibitors
  • structural biology

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