MO25 is a master regulator of SPAK/OSR1 and MST3/MST4/YSK1 protein kinases

Beatrice M. Filippi (Lead / Corresponding author), Paola de los Heros, Youcef Mehellou, Iva Navratilova, Robert Gourlay, Maria Deak, Lorna Plater, Rachel Toth, Elton Zeqiraj, Dario R. Alessi (Lead / Corresponding author)

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    116 Citations (Scopus)


    Mouse protein-25 (MO25) isoforms bind to the STRAD pseudokinase and stabilise it in a conformation that can activate the LKB1 tumour suppressor kinase. We demonstrate that by binding to several STE20 family kinases, MO25 has roles beyond controlling LKB1. These new MO25 targets are SPAK/OSR1 kinases, regulators of ion homeostasis and blood pressure, and MST3/MST4/YSK1, involved in controlling development and morphogenesis. Our analyses suggest that MO25 alpha and MO25 beta associate with these STE20 kinases in a similar manner to STRAD. MO25 isoforms induce approximately 100-fold activation of SPAK/OSR1 dramatically enhancing their ability to phosphorylate the ion cotransporters NKCC1, NKCC2 and NCC, leading to the identification of several new phosphorylation sites. siRNA-mediated reduction of expression of MO25 isoforms in mammalian cells inhibited phosphorylation of endogenous NKCC1 at residues phosphorylated by SPAK/OSR1, which is rescued by re-expression of MO25 alpha. MO25 alpha/beta binding to MST3/MST4/YSK1 also stimulated kinase activity three-to four-fold. MO25 has evolved as a key regulator of a group of STE20 kinases and may represent an ancestral mechanism of regulating conformation of pseudokinases and activating catalytically competent protein kinases. The EMBO Journal (2011) 30, 1730-1741. doi:10.1038/emboj.2011.78; Published online 18 March 2011

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1730-1741
    Number of pages12
    JournalEMBO Journal
    Issue number9
    Early online date18 Mar 2011
    Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2011


    • Kinase activation
    • STE20 kinases
    • WNK1
    • WNK4


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