Acetylation of C-terminal lysine residues in the p53 tumor suppressor is associated with increased stability and transcription factor activity. The function, protein level, and acetylation of p53 are downregulated by mdm2, which in its turn is inhibited by the p14(ARF) tumor suppressor. Here, we show that p14(ARF) increases the level of p53 acetylated at lysine 382 in a nuclear chromatin-rich fraction. Unexpectedly, this accumulation of p53AcK382 is dramatically enhanced in the presence of ectopic mdm2. In light of these observations, we propose that p14(ARF) increases the binding of p53-mdm2 complexes to chromatin, thereby limiting the access of protein deacetylases to p53. Supporting this notion, we show that p53AcK382 can be deacetylated in the cytoplasm and that sirtuin SirT2 catalyzes this reaction. These results help understand why inhibition of both SirT1 and SirT2 is needed to achieve effective activation of p53 by small-molecule sirtuin inhibitors. Mol Cancer Ther; 12(4); 471-80. (C) 2013 AACR.
- ONCOPROTEIN MDM2