1. The effect of NMDA-receptor stimulation on phosphoinositide signalling in response to the metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist 1-aminocyclopentane-1S,3R-dicarboxylic acid (1S,3R-ACPD) has been examined in neonatal rat cerebral cortex slices. 2. Total [3H]-inositol phosphate ([3H]-InsPx) accumulation, in the presence of 5 mM LiCl, in [3H]-inositol pre-labelled slices was concentration-dependently increased by 1S,3R-ACPD (EC50 16.6 microM) and, at a maximally effective concentration, 1S,3R-ACPD (300 microM) increased [3H]-InsPx accumulation by 12.8 fold over basal values. 3. [3H]-InsPx accumulation stimulated by 1S,1R-ACPD was enhanced by low concentrations of NMDA (3-30 microM), but not by higher concentrations (> 30 microM). [3H]-InsPx accumulations stimulated by 1S,3R-ACPD in the absence or presence of 10 microM NMDA were linear with time, at least over the 15 min period examined; however, in the presence of 100 microM NMDA the initial enhancement of 1S,3R-ACPD-stimulated phosphoinositide hydrolysis progressively decreased with time. 4. In the presence of a maximal enhancing concentration of NMDA (10 microM), the response to 1S,3R-ACPD (300 microM) was increased 1.9 fold and the EC50 for agonist-stimulated [3H]-InsPx accumulation decreased about 4 fold. The enhanced response to the metabotropic agonist was concentration-dependently inhibited by competitive and uncompetitive antagonists of NMDA-receptor activation. 5. 1S,3R-ACPD also stimulated inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P3) mass accumulation with an initial peak response (5-6 fold over basal) at 15 s decaying to a smaller (2 fold), but persistent elevated accumulation (1-10 min). 6. Co-addition of 10 or 100 MicroM NMDA enhanced the initial peak Ins(1,4,5)P3 response to 1S,3RACPD.However, the enhancing effect was only maintained over 10 min in the presence of 1O Micro MNMDA, whilst in contrast, 100 MicroM NMDA ceased to cause a significant enhancement of the metabotropic response by 5 min and completely suppressed lS,3R-ACPD-stimulated Ins(1,4,5)P3 accumulation at 10 min.7. Both basal and 1S,3R-ACPD-stimulated Ins(1,4,5)P3 accumulations were reduced when slices were incubated in nominally Ca2+-free medium. Under these conditions only a concentration-dependent enhancement of the response was observed (EC50 for NMDA facilitation of lS,3R-ACPD-stimulated Ins(1,4,5)P3 accumulation of 32 MicroM).8. These experiments have revealed that at low concentrations, NMDA can dramatically potentiate1S,3R-ACPD-stimulated phosphoinositide hydrolysis, probably by a Ca2"-dependent facilitation of agonist-stimulated phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C activity. Higher concentrations of NMDA result in time-dependent inhibition of the metabotropic agonist-stimulated response. We believe the former effect could be fundamental in glutamate receptor 'cross-talk', whereas the latter may reflect a Ca2+-dependent neurotoxic effect of NMDA on the neonatal cerebral cortex slices.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||British Journal of Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|