Molecular and bioinformatics analyses reveal two differentially expressed intracellular GH1 β-glucosidases from the rare alkalophilic fungus Stachybotrys microspora

Salma Abdeljalil (Lead / Corresponding author), Ines Borgi, Sandra Carvalho, Lamia Jmal-Hammami, Ali Gargouri

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Abstract

The present study reports the isolation and analysis of two novel GH1 β-glucosidases from the alkalophilic fungus Stachybotrys microspora, using PCR and Nested-PCR. Three major gene fragments were obtained by PCR: the first two are very similar and constitute a novel gene, which was named Smbgl1A, and the third PCR fragment is part of a different gene, named Smbgl1B. The truncated gene sequences were completely filled using the recent partial whole genome sequencing data of S. microspora (data not yet published). Moreover, we investigated the relative effects of glucose in comparison to cellulose rather than evaluate their absolute effects. In fact, RT-PCR analysis showed that while Smbgl1A was expressed when the fungus was grown in the presence of cellulose but not when grown with glucose, Smbgl1B was equally expressed under both conditions. The putative catalytic residues and the conserved glycone binding sites were identified. Zymogram analysis showed the intracellular production of β-glucosidases in S. microspora. The predicted secondary structure exhibited a classical (β/α)8 barrel fold, showing that both SmBGL1A and SmBGL1B belong to the GH1 family. Phylogenetic studies showed that SmBGL1A and SmBGL1B belong to the same branch as β-glucosidases from Stachybotrys chlorohalonata and Stachybotrys chartarum. However, SmBGL1A and SmBGL1B form two distinct clades.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-144
Number of pages11
JournalGene
Volume703
Early online date8 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Stachybotrys microspora
  • Family 1 β-glucosidases
  • Differential expression
  • Secondary structure

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