Molecular basis for the substrate specificity of protein kinase B; comparison with MAPKAP kinase-1 and p70 S6 kinase

Dario R. Alessi, F. Barry Caudwell, Mirjana Andjelkovic, Brian A. Hemmings, Philip Cohen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    527 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The substrate specificity of protein kinase-Bα (PKBα, also known as RAC kinase or Akt) was investigated using synthtic peptide substrates related to the sequence surrounding the phosphorylation site on glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3). The minimum sequence motif required for efficient phosphorylation was Arg-Xaa-Arg-Yaa-Zaa-Ser/Thr-Hyd, where Xaa is any amino acid, Yaa and Zaa are small residues other than glycine and Hyd is a bulky hydrophobic residue (Phe, Leu). The most effective substrate, Arg-Pro-Arg-Thr-Ser-Ser-Phe, was phosphorylated with a K(m) of 5 μM and V(max) of 260 U/mg. PKBα phosphorylated histone H2B (K(m) 5 μM, V(max) 68 U/mg) specifically at Ser-36 which also lies in an Arg-Xaa-Arg-Xaa-Xaa-Ser-Hyd motif. The peptide Arg-Pro-Arg-Ala-Ala-Thr-Phe may be a relatively specific substrate for PKBα because, unlike other substrates, it is not phosphorylated by p70 S6 kinase or MAP kinase activated protein (MAPKAP) kinase-1.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)333-338
    Number of pages6
    JournalFEBS Letters
    Volume399
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 16 Dec 1996

    Keywords

    • Akt or RAC kinase
    • Insulin
    • Kinase specificity
    • Kinase substrate
    • PI 3-kinase
    • Protein kinase B
    • S6 kinase

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