We compare two methods of motivating money in New Keynesian DSGE Models: Money-in-the-utility function and cash-in-advance constraint, as well as two ways of modelling monetary policy: interest rate feedback rule and money growth rules. As an aid to model selection, we use a new econometric measure of the distance between model and data variance-covariance matrices. The proposed measure is useful in distinguishing between alternative general equilibrium models. We find that the models closed by an estimated interest rate feedback rule imply counter-cyclical policy and inflation rates, which is at odds with the data. This problem is not a feature of models closed by an estimated money growth rule. Drawing on our econometric analysis, we argue that the cash-in-advance model, closed by a money growth rule, comes closest to the data.
|Name||CDMA Working Paper Series|
|Publisher||School of Economics and Finance, University of St. Andrews|
- Intertemporal macroeconomics
- role of money
- Monetary policy
- model selection
- moment matching