Motogenic activity of IGD-containing synthetic peptides

S L Schor, I Ellis, J Banyard, A M Schor

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    34 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Although the IGD amino acid motif (iso-gly-asp) is a highly conserved feature of the fibronectin type I module, no biological activity has as yet been ascribed to it. We have previously reported that the gelatin-binding domain of fibronectin stimulates the migration of human skin fibroblasts into native, but not denatured, type I collagen substrata. Two IGD-containing type I modules are present within the gelatin-binding domain. The object of this study was to ascertain whether soluble synthetic peptides containing the IGD motif stimulate fibroblast migration. We found that IGD peptides stimulated fibroblast migration in the following order of activity: IGDS (as present in the ninth type I module) > IGDQ (as present in the seventh type I module) > IGD. The scrambled SDGI peptide and the well-characterised RGDS peptide were devoid of motogenic activity. The migratory response of fibroblasts to IGD-containing peptides consisted of two distinct phases: an initial period of peptide-mediated cell activation and a subsequent period of enhanced migration manifest in the absence of further IGD peptide. Cell activation was substratum-independent (occurring equally well on both native and denatured type I collagen substrata), whilst the manifestation of enhanced migration was persistent and substratum-dependent (being evident only by cells adherent to a native collagen substratum). Our data further indicated that cell activation (1) is elicited by a signal transduction cascade occurring within minutes of cell exposure to IGD-containing peptides, (2) is dependent upon integrin alphavbeta3 functionality, (3) involves the tyrosine phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (ppFAK125) and (4) is inhibited by signalling mediated through integrin alpha5beta1. The expression of migration stimulating activity by soluble IGD-containing peptides clearly distinguishes them from their RGD counterparts. This is the first identified biological activity of the highly conserved IGD motif and provides a rational platform for the development of a novel family of therapeutic compounds designed to stimulate cell migration in relevant clinical situations, such as impaired wound healing.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3879-88
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Cell Science
    Volume112
    Issue number22
    Publication statusPublished - 1999

    Keywords

    • Amino Acid Motifs
    • Amino Acid Sequence
    • Blotting, Western
    • Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism
    • Cell Movement/drug effects
    • Cells, Cultured
    • Collagen/pharmacology
    • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
    • Fibroblasts/cytology
    • Focal Adhesion Kinase 1
    • Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
    • Humans
    • Mitogens/pharmacology
    • Oligopeptides/chemistry
    • Phosphorylation/drug effects
    • Phosphotyrosine/drug effects
    • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism
    • Signal Transduction/drug effects
    • Time Factors

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