Motor vehicle accidents–related maxillofacial injuries: a multicentre and prospective study

Muhammad Ruslin, Matteo Brucoli, Paolo Boffano (Lead / Corresponding author), Arnaldo Benech, Emil Dediol, Vedran Uglešić, Žiga Kovačič, Aleš Vesnaver, Vitomir S. Konstantinović, Milan Petrović, Jonny Stephens, Amar Kanzaria, Nabeel Bhatti, Simon Holmes, Petia F. Pechalova, Angel G. Bakardjiev, Vladislav A. Malanchuk, Andrey V. Kopchak, Pål Galteland, Even MjøenPer Skjelbred, Helios Bertin, Pierre Corre, Sigbjørn Løes, Njål Lekven, Sean Laverick, Peter Gordon, Tiia Tamme, Stephanie Akermann, K. Hakki Karagozoglu, Sofie C. Kommers, Jan G. de Visscher, Tymour Forouzanfar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: The purpose of this European multicenter prospective study was to obtain more precise information about the demographic characteristics and etiologic/epidemiologic patterns of motor vehicle accidents (MVA)–related maxillofacial fractures.

Study Design: Of the 3260 patients with maxillofacial fractures admitted within the study period, 326 traumas were caused by MVAs with a male/female ratio of 2.2:1.

Results: The maximum incidence was found in Zagreb (Croatia) (18%) and the minimum in Bergen (Norway) (0%). The most frequent mechanisms were car accidents, with 177 cases, followed by motorcycle accidents. The most frequently observed fracture involved the mandible, with 199 fractures, followed by maxillo-zygomatic-orbital (MZO) fractures.

Conclusions: In all the 3 groups (car, motorcycle, and pedestrian), mandibular and MZO fractures were the 2 most frequently observed fractures, with some variations. The importance of analyzing MVA-related facial injuries and their features and characteristics should be stressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-204
Number of pages6
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Issue number3
Early online date13 Dec 2018
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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