The p53 tumour suppressor protein is thought to play a major role in the defence of the cell against agents which damage DNA. p53 is phosphorylated at multiple sites in vivo and by several different protein kinases in vitro. In this report, we have examined the phosphorylation of murine p53 by protein kinase C (PKC). Phosphopeptide mapping, phosphoamino acid analysis and radiosequence analysis of p53 phosphorylated by PKC in vitro indicated that serine 370 and threonine 377 were the major targets for phosphorylation and suggested that serine 372 and threonines 365 and 371 were minor phosphorylation sites. Site-directed mutagenesis confirmed that residues 370-372, all of which lie within the epitope for monoclonal antibody PAb421, were phosphorylated in vitro. The p53 from 32P-labelled SV3T3 cells showed a phosphopeptide pattern which includes peptides with mobilities similar to those arising from phosphorylation of residues 370-372 by PKC in vitro. Only two of these in vivo-labelled phosphopeptides co-migrated in two dimensions with peptides labelled in vitro within the PAb421 epitope and their phosphorylation was not stimulated by the addition of the PKC activator o-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) to the cells, even though this treatment led to a fourfold stimulation of p53 phosphorylation by MAP kinase. Moreover, when the p53 proteins containing mutations at residues 370-372 were expressed in COS cells, there was no loss of any of the in vivo phosphopeptides, indicating that phosphorylation within the PAb42I epitope was undetectable in the cell. These data suggest that p53 and PKC may not interact in vivo. The two-dimensional migration pattern of the novel group of peptides is consistent with phosphorylation of previously uncharacterised sites within the central DNA binding region of p53.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 4 Jul 1996|