A detailed analysis of the generation and subsequent metabolism of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] following muscarinic cholinoceptor stimulation in primary cultures of rat cerebellar granule cells has been undertaken. Following incubation of cerebellar granule cell cultures with [3H]inositol for 48 h, labelling of the inositol phospholipid pool approached equilibrium. Significant basal labelling of inositol pentakisphosphate (InsP5) and inositol hexakisphosphate (InsP6), as well as inositol mono- to tetrakisphosphate, fractions was observed. Addition of carbachol (1 mM) caused an immediate increase in level of Ins(1,4,5)P3 (peak increase two-fold over basal by 60 s), which was well-maintained over the initial 300 s following agonist addition. In contrast, only a modest, more slowly developing, increase in inositol tetrakisphosphate accumulation was observed, whereas labelling of InsP5 and InsP6 was entirely unaffected by carbachol stimulation. Analysis of the products of Ins(1,4,5)P3 and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate metabolism in broken cell preparations strongly suggested that Ins(1,4,5)P3 metabolism occurs predominantly via the inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase route, with metabolism via the Ins(1,4,5)P3 3-kinase being a relatively minor pathway. In view of the pattern of inositol (poly)phosphate metabolites observed on stimulation of the muscarinic receptor, it seems likely that, over the time course studied, the inositol polyphosphates are derived principally from phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, although some hydrolysis of phosphatidyl-inositol 4-phosphate cannot be excluded.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|