Introduction: Myocardial fibrosis is dysrhythmogenic and may contribute to the high incidence of cardiac death in stroke survivors, especially if they have long QTc. We tested the hypothesis that procollagen-1-carboxy terminal peptide (P1CP), a biomarker of myocardial fibrosis, might be improved following treatment with spironolactone or amiloride in stroke survivors. We also tested the hypothesis that both drugs would shorten QTc. Methods: Study design: randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial (spironolactone vs. amiloride vs. placebo). Duration of Study: 3 months (1 month per drug). Primary endpoints: P1CP, QTc. Results: 11 stroke survivors (5 female), aged 71 + 4, BP 139/81 mmHg + 20/11 mmHg, completed the study. Both spironolactone and amiloride significantly reduced P1CP [Spironolactone-Placebo = - 24 ug/L, 95% CI = - 40 to - 6.9; Amiloride-Placebo = - 28 ug/L, 95% CI = - 44 to - 11]. Spironolactone and amiloride both shortened QTc [Spironolactone vs. Placebo = - 18 ms, 95% CI = - 36 to - 0.55; Amiloride vs Placebo = - 25 ms, 95% CI = - 42 to - 7.5]. Conclusions: Procollagen-1-carboxy terminal peptide was reduced following treatment with spironolactone within a month. Further, this is the first study demonstrating amiloride could also improve myocardial fibrosis. The beneficial effects of both drugs on myocardial fibrosis, coupled with their effects on raising potassium translated to a shortening of QTc. Future studies should test the hypothesis that these drugs might reduce the risk of sudden cardiac death in stroke survivors.
- Myocardial fibrosis
Wong, K. Y. K., Wong, S. Y. S., McSwiggan, S., Ogston, S. A., Sze, K. Y. S., MacWalter, R. S., & Struthers, A. D. (2013). Myocardial fibrosis and QTc are reduced following treatment with spironolactone or amiloride in stroke survivors: a randomised placebo-controlled cross-over trial. International Journal of Cardiology, 168(6), 5229-5233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.08.027