Myocardial fibrosis and QTc are reduced following treatment with spironolactone or amiloride in stroke survivors: a randomised placebo-controlled cross-over trial

K. Y. K. Wong (Lead / Corresponding author), S. Y. S. Wong, S. McSwiggan, S. A. Ogston, K. Y. S. Sze, R. S. MacWalter, A. D. Struthers

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    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Introduction: Myocardial fibrosis is dysrhythmogenic and may contribute to the high incidence of cardiac death in stroke survivors, especially if they have long QTc. We tested the hypothesis that procollagen-1-carboxy terminal peptide (P1CP), a biomarker of myocardial fibrosis, might be improved following treatment with spironolactone or amiloride in stroke survivors. We also tested the hypothesis that both drugs would shorten QTc. Methods: Study design: randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial (spironolactone vs. amiloride vs. placebo). Duration of Study: 3 months (1 month per drug). Primary endpoints: P1CP, QTc. Results: 11 stroke survivors (5 female), aged 71 + 4, BP 139/81 mmHg + 20/11 mmHg, completed the study. Both spironolactone and amiloride significantly reduced P1CP [Spironolactone-Placebo = - 24 ug/L, 95% CI = - 40 to - 6.9; Amiloride-Placebo = - 28 ug/L, 95% CI = - 44 to - 11]. Spironolactone and amiloride both shortened QTc [Spironolactone vs. Placebo = - 18 ms, 95% CI = - 36 to - 0.55; Amiloride vs Placebo = - 25 ms, 95% CI = - 42 to - 7.5]. Conclusions: Procollagen-1-carboxy terminal peptide was reduced following treatment with spironolactone within a month. Further, this is the first study demonstrating amiloride could also improve myocardial fibrosis. The beneficial effects of both drugs on myocardial fibrosis, coupled with their effects on raising potassium translated to a shortening of QTc. Future studies should test the hypothesis that these drugs might reduce the risk of sudden cardiac death in stroke survivors.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)5229-5233
    JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
    Volume168
    Issue number6
    Early online date15 Aug 2013
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2013

    Keywords

    • Myocardial fibrosis
    • QTc
    • SPIRONOLACTONE
    • amiloride

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