Myocardial ischaemia is associated with an elevated brain natriuretic pepide level even in the presence of left ventricular systolic dysfunction

M. Adnan Nadir, Eleanor Dow, John Davidson, Norman Kennedy, Chim C. Lang, Allan D. Struthers (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aims
    Plasma BNP and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin-T (hs-TnT) are elevated by both ischaemia and LV systolic dysfunction (LVSD). As a result, it is unknown whether BNP and/or hs-TnT could be useful biomarkers to identify ischaemia in the presence of LVSD.

    Methods and results
    Three separate patient populations were studied. Study A (n = 500) involved consecutive patients undergoing clinically indicated myocardial perfusion scintigraphy, study B (n = 100) included patients with vascular disease but no known cardiac disease, and study C (n = 300) recruited primary prevention patients with controlled risk factors. Levels of BNP and hs-TnT were measured prior to the stress testing to detect myocardial ischaemia. The prevalence of myocardial ischaemia was 28.2, 28, and 6.3% in study A, B, and C, respectively. For BNP, area under curve (AUC) values to identify ischaemia in the presence and absence of coincidental LVSD were: 0.73 vs. 0.63 (study A), 0.90 vs. 0.81 (study B), and 0.83 vs. 0.80 (study C). Equivalent figures for hs-TnT were: 0.64 vs. 0.60 (study A), 0.75 vs. 0.68 (study B), and 0.53 vs. 0.68 (study C). BNP and hs-cTnT, when combined together, performed better with an AUC of 0.75 vs. 0.65 (study A), 0.91 vs. 0.92 (study B), and 0.84 vs. 0.83 (study C).

    Conclusion
    In three separate populations a consistent finding is that BNP is increased further by myocardial ischaemia even in the presence of LVSD. A disproportionately high BNP for the degree of LVSD might be due to (unsuspected) ischaemia, and a disproportionately low BNP could be useful as a ‘rule out’ test for ischaemia even in the presence of LVSD.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)56-67
    Number of pages12
    JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
    Volume16
    Issue number1
    Early online date3 Dec 2013
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2014

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