Nano-structures of 4D morphology surface analysis of C1.7Mn0.6P0.1S0.07 (SAE 1045) tool wear

Bankole I. Oladapo, Idowu O. Malachi, Olaoluwa B. Malachi, Ifeoluwa E. Elemure, Aderinsola M. Olawumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


This research aims to present computational nanoparticle surface characterisation analysis of fourth-dimensional wearing tool in a machining process. The effect of hardenability, toughness, heat treatment and feed rate of material removal processes of cutting and machining were investigated. The aim of this research is evaluating the process of nanoparticle in the cutting time, cutting speed, and the wear in the tool part caused by the machining process was observed. It was also possible to watch the flank wear generated in the tool, which can only be seen with a 50 times magnification in microscopes and the observed wear is up to 102.32 μ. The 4D nanostructure composite particle evaluating of the tool, the 3D surface luminance structure, and the profile with cross-sectional views of the atomic force microscope (AFM) are extracted and analysed. The waviness profile, surface roughness and Gaussian filter of the tool are observed and considered in ISO standard parameters. It was found that tool wear nanoparticles are dispersed inside the grains, and spherical nanoparticles grow with an increase in temperature at the 4D. The nanostructure of the wear grain size and the 3D morphology is influenced by motif, furrow segmentation of the grains, and reduced from an average particle of 316grains to an average of 225grains. This allows us to accomplish the goal of identifying the graph the characteristic life curve of the optimum value of the tool life.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100433
Number of pages9
JournalNano-Structures and Nano-Objects
Early online date27 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


  • Composite particle
  • Machining time
  • Nano-Structures
  • Nanoparticle
  • Surface characterisation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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