Nanostructural computation of 4D printing carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) composite

Bankole I. Oladapo, Edwin A. Oshin, Aderinsola M. Olawumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Additive manufacturing of complex structures with functional and programmable attributes of Fused deposition Method (FDM) of 4D printing enables complex and innovative designs with shape memory properties. However, several challenges still exist in successfully realising FDM of 4D printing due to its high complexity, fragility and control of temperature for a specific change in the shape of specific materials. This study focuses on microstructure, the calculation in the creation of hydrogel, cellulose, and ink that combines sound waves to create shape memory properties of hydrographic cellulose compositions in 4-dimensional printing. The high amounts of hydrocolloid cellulose fibres are used for carboxylic cellulose particles, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and matrix fibre decay compound 5.0% shapes memory. Thermoplastic shapes are also used in composite coagulation processes to create a mophological charaterisation composite of 3D-printing polymer structure based on full-area measurement technology, which is the change of particles. Investigation of the nanostructure of CMC composite particle in 4D surface structure, roughness, waviness profile of the specimens ware extracted and analysed. Typed A complex workshop structure demonstrates the capability of sonication used in 3D printing. The most important property is the content of cellulose in the form of final materials is the volume of cellulose in a sonicated composite.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100423
Number of pages7
JournalNano-Structures and Nano-Objects
Early online date16 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020


  • 4D printing
  • Carboxymethylcellulose
  • Nanostructural
  • Polymer composite
  • Ultra-sonication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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