Natriuretic response to neutral endopeptidase inhibition is blunted by enalapril in healthy men

Joseph G. Motwani, Chim C. Lang, Gordon Cramb, Allan D. Struthers

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    Abstract

    We studied six healthy male subjects in a randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind fashion to determine the comparative effects on renal hemodynamics and natriuresis of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor enalapril (5 mg on each of 5 days preceding the study), the neutral endopeptidase inhibitor candoxatrilat (200 mg IV), and the combination of enalapril and candoxatrilat. Enalapril pretreatment alone, compared with placebo, produced slight nonsignificant increments in absolute and fractional sodium excretions and a marked increase in effective renal plasma flow but no change in glomerular filtration rate. Candoxatrilat alone produced marked augmentation of both absolute and fractional sodium excretions. The candoxatrilat-mediated increment in absolute sodium excretion was significantly correlated with increases in urinary cGMP and plasma atrial natriuretic peptide in response to this drug, but neither effective renal plasma flow nor glomerular filtration rate was altered compared with placebo. Combining enalapril pretreatment with candoxatrilat significantly attenuated the increments in absolute and fractional sodium excretions in response to the neutral endopeptidase inhibitor. Blood pressure was reduced by enalapril alone compared with placebo, whereas candoxatrilat treatment alone led to a marginal but significant enhancement of blood pressure. The combination of enalapril and candoxatrilat abolished any significant blood pressure change compared with placebo. Thus, candoxatrilat-mediated natriuresis occurs via a renal tubular rather than glomerular mechanism and is blunted by enalapril. This attenuation by enalapril may occur by interference with angiotensin II-dependent effects on the renal tubule or on systemic blood pressure.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)637-642
    Number of pages6
    JournalHypertension
    Volume25
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1995

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