Natural variation in a homolog of Antirrhinum CENTRORADIALIS contributed to spring growth habit and environmental adaptation in cultivated barley

Jordi Comadran, Benjamin Kilian, Joanne Russell, Luke Ramsay, Nils Stein, Martin Ganal, Paul Shaw, Micha Bayer, William Thomas, David Marshall, Pete Hedley, Alessandro Tondelli, Nicola Pecchioni, Enrico Francia, Viktor Korzun, Alexander Walther, Robbie Waugh (Lead / Corresponding author)

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    284 Citations (Scopus)


    As early farming spread from the Fertile Crescent in the Near East around 10,000 years before the present(1), domesticated crops encountered considerable ecological and environmental change. Spring-sown crops that flowered without the need for an extended period of cold to promote flowering and day length insensitive crops able to exploit the longer, cooler days of higher latitudes emerged and became established. To investigate the genetic consequences of adaptation to these new environments, we identified signatures of divergent selection in the highly differentiated modern-day spring and winter barleys. In one genetically divergent region, we identify a natural variant of the barley homolog of Antirrhinum CENTRORADIALIS(2) (HvCEN) as a contributor to successful environmental adaptation. The distribution of HvCEN alleles in a large collection of wild and landrace accessions indicates that this involved selection and enrichment of preexisting genetic variants rather than the acquisition of mutations after domestication.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1388-1392
    Number of pages5
    JournalNature Genetics
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012


    • GENE
    • TIME
    • WHEAT
    • TFL1
    • FT

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