Natural variation in a homolog of Antirrhinum CENTRORADIALIS contributed to spring growth habit and environmental adaptation in cultivated barley

Jordi Comadran, Benjamin Kilian, Joanne Russell, Luke Ramsay, Nils Stein, Martin Ganal, Paul Shaw, Micha Bayer, William Thomas, David Marshall, Pete Hedley, Alessandro Tondelli, Nicola Pecchioni, Enrico Francia, Viktor Korzun, Alexander Walther, Robbie Waugh (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

    228 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    As early farming spread from the Fertile Crescent in the Near East around 10,000 years before the present(1), domesticated crops encountered considerable ecological and environmental change. Spring-sown crops that flowered without the need for an extended period of cold to promote flowering and day length insensitive crops able to exploit the longer, cooler days of higher latitudes emerged and became established. To investigate the genetic consequences of adaptation to these new environments, we identified signatures of divergent selection in the highly differentiated modern-day spring and winter barleys. In one genetically divergent region, we identify a natural variant of the barley homolog of Antirrhinum CENTRORADIALIS(2) (HvCEN) as a contributor to successful environmental adaptation. The distribution of HvCEN alleles in a large collection of wild and landrace accessions indicates that this involved selection and enrichment of preexisting genetic variants rather than the acquisition of mutations after domestication.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1388-1392
    Number of pages5
    JournalNature Genetics
    Volume44
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

    Keywords

    • HORDEUM-VULGARE L.
    • FLOWERING-LOCUS-T
    • GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION
    • GENE
    • TIME
    • WHEAT
    • VERNALIZATION
    • DOMESTICATION
    • TFL1
    • FT

    Cite this

    Comadran, Jordi ; Kilian, Benjamin ; Russell, Joanne ; Ramsay, Luke ; Stein, Nils ; Ganal, Martin ; Shaw, Paul ; Bayer, Micha ; Thomas, William ; Marshall, David ; Hedley, Pete ; Tondelli, Alessandro ; Pecchioni, Nicola ; Francia, Enrico ; Korzun, Viktor ; Walther, Alexander ; Waugh, Robbie. / Natural variation in a homolog of Antirrhinum CENTRORADIALIS contributed to spring growth habit and environmental adaptation in cultivated barley. In: Nature Genetics. 2012 ; Vol. 44, No. 12. pp. 1388-1392.
    @article{0674069147854c00afb0a39852f05ac1,
    title = "Natural variation in a homolog of Antirrhinum CENTRORADIALIS contributed to spring growth habit and environmental adaptation in cultivated barley",
    abstract = "As early farming spread from the Fertile Crescent in the Near East around 10,000 years before the present(1), domesticated crops encountered considerable ecological and environmental change. Spring-sown crops that flowered without the need for an extended period of cold to promote flowering and day length insensitive crops able to exploit the longer, cooler days of higher latitudes emerged and became established. To investigate the genetic consequences of adaptation to these new environments, we identified signatures of divergent selection in the highly differentiated modern-day spring and winter barleys. In one genetically divergent region, we identify a natural variant of the barley homolog of Antirrhinum CENTRORADIALIS(2) (HvCEN) as a contributor to successful environmental adaptation. The distribution of HvCEN alleles in a large collection of wild and landrace accessions indicates that this involved selection and enrichment of preexisting genetic variants rather than the acquisition of mutations after domestication.",
    keywords = "HORDEUM-VULGARE L., FLOWERING-LOCUS-T, GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION, GENE, TIME, WHEAT, VERNALIZATION, DOMESTICATION, TFL1, FT",
    author = "Jordi Comadran and Benjamin Kilian and Joanne Russell and Luke Ramsay and Nils Stein and Martin Ganal and Paul Shaw and Micha Bayer and William Thomas and David Marshall and Pete Hedley and Alessandro Tondelli and Nicola Pecchioni and Enrico Francia and Viktor Korzun and Alexander Walther and Robbie Waugh",
    year = "2012",
    month = "12",
    doi = "10.1038/ng.2447",
    language = "English",
    volume = "44",
    pages = "1388--1392",
    journal = "Nature Genetics",
    issn = "1061-4036",
    publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
    number = "12",

    }

    Comadran, J, Kilian, B, Russell, J, Ramsay, L, Stein, N, Ganal, M, Shaw, P, Bayer, M, Thomas, W, Marshall, D, Hedley, P, Tondelli, A, Pecchioni, N, Francia, E, Korzun, V, Walther, A & Waugh, R 2012, 'Natural variation in a homolog of Antirrhinum CENTRORADIALIS contributed to spring growth habit and environmental adaptation in cultivated barley', Nature Genetics, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 1388-1392. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.2447

    Natural variation in a homolog of Antirrhinum CENTRORADIALIS contributed to spring growth habit and environmental adaptation in cultivated barley. / Comadran, Jordi; Kilian, Benjamin; Russell, Joanne; Ramsay, Luke; Stein, Nils; Ganal, Martin; Shaw, Paul; Bayer, Micha; Thomas, William; Marshall, David; Hedley, Pete; Tondelli, Alessandro; Pecchioni, Nicola; Francia, Enrico; Korzun, Viktor; Walther, Alexander; Waugh, Robbie (Lead / Corresponding author).

    In: Nature Genetics, Vol. 44, No. 12, 12.2012, p. 1388-1392.

    Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Natural variation in a homolog of Antirrhinum CENTRORADIALIS contributed to spring growth habit and environmental adaptation in cultivated barley

    AU - Comadran, Jordi

    AU - Kilian, Benjamin

    AU - Russell, Joanne

    AU - Ramsay, Luke

    AU - Stein, Nils

    AU - Ganal, Martin

    AU - Shaw, Paul

    AU - Bayer, Micha

    AU - Thomas, William

    AU - Marshall, David

    AU - Hedley, Pete

    AU - Tondelli, Alessandro

    AU - Pecchioni, Nicola

    AU - Francia, Enrico

    AU - Korzun, Viktor

    AU - Walther, Alexander

    AU - Waugh, Robbie

    PY - 2012/12

    Y1 - 2012/12

    N2 - As early farming spread from the Fertile Crescent in the Near East around 10,000 years before the present(1), domesticated crops encountered considerable ecological and environmental change. Spring-sown crops that flowered without the need for an extended period of cold to promote flowering and day length insensitive crops able to exploit the longer, cooler days of higher latitudes emerged and became established. To investigate the genetic consequences of adaptation to these new environments, we identified signatures of divergent selection in the highly differentiated modern-day spring and winter barleys. In one genetically divergent region, we identify a natural variant of the barley homolog of Antirrhinum CENTRORADIALIS(2) (HvCEN) as a contributor to successful environmental adaptation. The distribution of HvCEN alleles in a large collection of wild and landrace accessions indicates that this involved selection and enrichment of preexisting genetic variants rather than the acquisition of mutations after domestication.

    AB - As early farming spread from the Fertile Crescent in the Near East around 10,000 years before the present(1), domesticated crops encountered considerable ecological and environmental change. Spring-sown crops that flowered without the need for an extended period of cold to promote flowering and day length insensitive crops able to exploit the longer, cooler days of higher latitudes emerged and became established. To investigate the genetic consequences of adaptation to these new environments, we identified signatures of divergent selection in the highly differentiated modern-day spring and winter barleys. In one genetically divergent region, we identify a natural variant of the barley homolog of Antirrhinum CENTRORADIALIS(2) (HvCEN) as a contributor to successful environmental adaptation. The distribution of HvCEN alleles in a large collection of wild and landrace accessions indicates that this involved selection and enrichment of preexisting genetic variants rather than the acquisition of mutations after domestication.

    KW - HORDEUM-VULGARE L.

    KW - FLOWERING-LOCUS-T

    KW - GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION

    KW - GENE

    KW - TIME

    KW - WHEAT

    KW - VERNALIZATION

    KW - DOMESTICATION

    KW - TFL1

    KW - FT

    U2 - 10.1038/ng.2447

    DO - 10.1038/ng.2447

    M3 - Letter

    VL - 44

    SP - 1388

    EP - 1392

    JO - Nature Genetics

    JF - Nature Genetics

    SN - 1061-4036

    IS - 12

    ER -