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Meiotic recombination rates vary considerably between species, populations and individuals. The genetic exchange between homologous chromosomes plays a major role in evolution by breaking linkage between advantageous and deleterious alleles in the case of introgressions. Identifying recombination rate modifiers is thus of both fundamental and practical interest to understand and utilize variation in meiotic recombination rates. We investigated recombination rate variation in a large intraspecific hybrid population (named HEB-25) derived from a cross between domesticated barley and 25 wild barley accessions. We observed quantitative variation in total crossover number with a maximum of a 1.4-fold difference between subpopulations and increased recombination rates across pericentromeric regions. The meiosis-specific α-kleisin cohesin subunit REC8 was identified as a candidate gene influencing crossover number and patterning. Furthermore, we quantified wild barley introgression patterns and revealed how local and genome-wide recombination rate variation shapes patterns of introgression. The identification of allelic variation in REC8 in combination with the observed changes in crossover patterning suggest a difference in how chromatin loops are tethered to the chromosome axis, resulting in reduced crossover suppression across pericentromeric regions. Local and genome-wide recombination rate variation is shaping patterns of introgressions and thereby directly influences the consequences of linkage drag.
- meiotic recombination
- genomic introgression
BARLEY_NAM - Locating Exotic Genes that Control Agronomic Traits Under Stress in the Wild Barley Nested Association Mapping (NAM) Population HEB-25 (ERA CAP Joint with Martin Luther University, Halle, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, The Julius Kuhn Institute, Germany)
1/10/14 → 30/09/17