NM23 proteins

innocent bystanders or local energy boosters for CFTR?

Richmond Muimo (Lead / Corresponding author), Hani M. M. Alothaid, Anil Mehta (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)
    17 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    NM23 proteins NDPK-A and -B bind to the cystic fibrosis (CF) protein CFTR in different ways from kinases such as PKA, CK2 and AMPK or linkers to cell calcium such as calmodulin and annexins. NDPK-A (not -B) interacts with CFTR through reciprocal AMPK binding/control, whereas NDPK-B (not -A) binds directly to CFTR. NDPK-B can activate G proteins without ligand–receptor coupling, so perhaps NDPK-B’s binding influences energy supply local to a nucleotide-binding site (NBD1) needed for CFTR to function. Curiously, CFTR (ABC-C7) is a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) protein family that does not obey ‘clan rules’; CFTR channels anions and is not a pump, regulates disparate processes, is itself regulated by multiple means and is so pleiotropic that it acts as a hub that orchestrates calcium signaling through its consorts such as calmodulin/annexins. Furthermore, its multiple partners make CFTR dance to different tunes in different cellular and subcellular locations as it recycles from the plasma membrane to endosomes. CFTR function in airway apical membranes is inhibited by smoking which has been dubbed ‘acquired CF’. CFTR alone among family members possesses a trap for other proteins that it unfurls as a ‘fish-net’ and which bears consensus phosphorylation sites for many protein kinases, with PKA being the most canonical. Recently, the site of CFTR’s commonest mutation has been proposed as a knock-in mutant that alters allosteric control of kinase CK2 by log orders of activity towards calmodulin and other substrates after CFTR fragmentation. This link from CK2 to calmodulin that binds the R region invokes molecular paths that control lumen formation, which is incomplete in the tracheas of some CF-affected babies. Thus, we are poised to understand the many roles of NDPK-A and -B in CFTR function and, especially lumen formation, which is defective in the gut and lungs of many CF babies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)272-282
    Number of pages11
    JournalLaboratory Investigation
    Volume98
    Early online date18 Dec 2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Fingerprint

    Calmodulin
    Cystic Fibrosis
    Annexins
    AMP-Activated Protein Kinases
    Proteins
    Phosphotransferases
    Adenosine Triphosphate
    Dancing
    Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator
    Calcium Signaling
    Sexual Partners
    Endosomes
    Trachea
    GTP-Binding Proteins
    Protein Kinases
    Anions
    Carrier Proteins
    Fishes
    Nucleotides
    Smoking

    Keywords

    • Necleoside diphosphate kinase
    • NDPK
    • NM23
    • Phosphohistidine
    • CFTR
    • Chloride channel
    • Protein kinases
    • CK2
    • Annexin
    • Protein phosphorylation
    • Signalling

    Cite this

    Muimo, Richmond ; Alothaid, Hani M. M. ; Mehta, Anil. / NM23 proteins : innocent bystanders or local energy boosters for CFTR?. In: Laboratory Investigation. 2018 ; Vol. 98. pp. 272-282.
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    abstract = "NM23 proteins NDPK-A and -B bind to the cystic fibrosis (CF) protein CFTR in different ways from kinases such as PKA, CK2 and AMPK or linkers to cell calcium such as calmodulin and annexins. NDPK-A (not -B) interacts with CFTR through reciprocal AMPK binding/control, whereas NDPK-B (not -A) binds directly to CFTR. NDPK-B can activate G proteins without ligand–receptor coupling, so perhaps NDPK-B’s binding influences energy supply local to a nucleotide-binding site (NBD1) needed for CFTR to function. Curiously, CFTR (ABC-C7) is a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) protein family that does not obey ‘clan rules’; CFTR channels anions and is not a pump, regulates disparate processes, is itself regulated by multiple means and is so pleiotropic that it acts as a hub that orchestrates calcium signaling through its consorts such as calmodulin/annexins. Furthermore, its multiple partners make CFTR dance to different tunes in different cellular and subcellular locations as it recycles from the plasma membrane to endosomes. CFTR function in airway apical membranes is inhibited by smoking which has been dubbed ‘acquired CF’. CFTR alone among family members possesses a trap for other proteins that it unfurls as a ‘fish-net’ and which bears consensus phosphorylation sites for many protein kinases, with PKA being the most canonical. Recently, the site of CFTR’s commonest mutation has been proposed as a knock-in mutant that alters allosteric control of kinase CK2 by log orders of activity towards calmodulin and other substrates after CFTR fragmentation. This link from CK2 to calmodulin that binds the R region invokes molecular paths that control lumen formation, which is incomplete in the tracheas of some CF-affected babies. Thus, we are poised to understand the many roles of NDPK-A and -B in CFTR function and, especially lumen formation, which is defective in the gut and lungs of many CF babies.",
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    author = "Richmond Muimo and Alothaid, {Hani M. M.} and Anil Mehta",
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    NM23 proteins : innocent bystanders or local energy boosters for CFTR? / Muimo, Richmond (Lead / Corresponding author); Alothaid, Hani M. M.; Mehta, Anil (Lead / Corresponding author).

    In: Laboratory Investigation, Vol. 98, 2018, p. 272-282.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - NM23 proteins

    T2 - innocent bystanders or local energy boosters for CFTR?

    AU - Muimo, Richmond

    AU - Alothaid, Hani M. M.

    AU - Mehta, Anil

    N1 - No funding info

    PY - 2018

    Y1 - 2018

    N2 - NM23 proteins NDPK-A and -B bind to the cystic fibrosis (CF) protein CFTR in different ways from kinases such as PKA, CK2 and AMPK or linkers to cell calcium such as calmodulin and annexins. NDPK-A (not -B) interacts with CFTR through reciprocal AMPK binding/control, whereas NDPK-B (not -A) binds directly to CFTR. NDPK-B can activate G proteins without ligand–receptor coupling, so perhaps NDPK-B’s binding influences energy supply local to a nucleotide-binding site (NBD1) needed for CFTR to function. Curiously, CFTR (ABC-C7) is a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) protein family that does not obey ‘clan rules’; CFTR channels anions and is not a pump, regulates disparate processes, is itself regulated by multiple means and is so pleiotropic that it acts as a hub that orchestrates calcium signaling through its consorts such as calmodulin/annexins. Furthermore, its multiple partners make CFTR dance to different tunes in different cellular and subcellular locations as it recycles from the plasma membrane to endosomes. CFTR function in airway apical membranes is inhibited by smoking which has been dubbed ‘acquired CF’. CFTR alone among family members possesses a trap for other proteins that it unfurls as a ‘fish-net’ and which bears consensus phosphorylation sites for many protein kinases, with PKA being the most canonical. Recently, the site of CFTR’s commonest mutation has been proposed as a knock-in mutant that alters allosteric control of kinase CK2 by log orders of activity towards calmodulin and other substrates after CFTR fragmentation. This link from CK2 to calmodulin that binds the R region invokes molecular paths that control lumen formation, which is incomplete in the tracheas of some CF-affected babies. Thus, we are poised to understand the many roles of NDPK-A and -B in CFTR function and, especially lumen formation, which is defective in the gut and lungs of many CF babies.

    AB - NM23 proteins NDPK-A and -B bind to the cystic fibrosis (CF) protein CFTR in different ways from kinases such as PKA, CK2 and AMPK or linkers to cell calcium such as calmodulin and annexins. NDPK-A (not -B) interacts with CFTR through reciprocal AMPK binding/control, whereas NDPK-B (not -A) binds directly to CFTR. NDPK-B can activate G proteins without ligand–receptor coupling, so perhaps NDPK-B’s binding influences energy supply local to a nucleotide-binding site (NBD1) needed for CFTR to function. Curiously, CFTR (ABC-C7) is a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) protein family that does not obey ‘clan rules’; CFTR channels anions and is not a pump, regulates disparate processes, is itself regulated by multiple means and is so pleiotropic that it acts as a hub that orchestrates calcium signaling through its consorts such as calmodulin/annexins. Furthermore, its multiple partners make CFTR dance to different tunes in different cellular and subcellular locations as it recycles from the plasma membrane to endosomes. CFTR function in airway apical membranes is inhibited by smoking which has been dubbed ‘acquired CF’. CFTR alone among family members possesses a trap for other proteins that it unfurls as a ‘fish-net’ and which bears consensus phosphorylation sites for many protein kinases, with PKA being the most canonical. Recently, the site of CFTR’s commonest mutation has been proposed as a knock-in mutant that alters allosteric control of kinase CK2 by log orders of activity towards calmodulin and other substrates after CFTR fragmentation. This link from CK2 to calmodulin that binds the R region invokes molecular paths that control lumen formation, which is incomplete in the tracheas of some CF-affected babies. Thus, we are poised to understand the many roles of NDPK-A and -B in CFTR function and, especially lumen formation, which is defective in the gut and lungs of many CF babies.

    KW - Necleoside diphosphate kinase

    KW - NDPK

    KW - NM23

    KW - Phosphohistidine

    KW - CFTR

    KW - Chloride channel

    KW - Protein kinases

    KW - CK2

    KW - Annexin

    KW - Protein phosphorylation

    KW - Signalling

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    DO - 10.1038/labinvest.2017.121

    M3 - Article

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    ER -