Non-inferential aspects of Ad Hominem and Ad Baculum

Katarzyna Budzynska, Maciej Witek

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    25 Citations (Scopus)
    191 Downloads (Pure)


    The aim of the paper is to explore the interrelation between persuasion tactics and properties of speech acts. We investigate two types of arguments ad: ad hominem and ad baculum. We show that with both of these tactics, the structures that play a key role are not inferential, but rather ethotic, i.e., related to the speaker's character and trust. We use the concepts of illocutionary force and constitutive conditions related to the character or status of the speaker in order to explain the dynamics of these two techniques. In keeping with the research focus of the Polish School of Argumentation, we examine how the pragmatic and rhetorical aspects of the force of ad hominem and ad baculum arguments exploit trust in the speaker's status to influence the audience's cognition.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)301-3015
    Number of pages15
    Issue number3
    Early online date19 Jul 2014
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014


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