Numerical abnormalities of chromosomes 1, 11, 17, and X are associated with stromal invasion in serous and mucinous epithelial ovarian tumours

Mark F. Evans, Ian W. McDicken, C. Simon Herrington

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    The clinical behaviour of ovarian tumours of low malignant potential (LMP) is unpredictable and it has been suggested that the majority of these lesions have no invasive potential. This study has analysed 92 epithelial ovarian tumours [11 mucinous cystadenomas, 18 mucinous LMP tumours, 15 mucinous carcinomas (9 FIGO stage I), 16 serous cystadenomas, 15 serous LMP tumours, and 17 serous carcinomas (11 FIGO stage I)] for numerical abnormalities of chromosomes 1, 11, 17, and X by interphase cytogenetics. Overall, numerical aberrations were identified in none of the cystadenomas, 15 per cent of serous LMP tumours, 17 per cent of mucinous LMP tumours, 67 per cent of mucinous carcinomas, and 82 per cent of invasive serous carcinomas. In mucinous LMP tumours, chromosome gains were associated with spindled nuclear morphology. Chromosome abnormalities were significantly more frequent in invasive mucinous (overall p<0.01; stage I p<0.05) and serous (overall p<0.001; stage I p<0.01) carcinomas than in the corresponding LMP tumours. No significant relationship between either stromal invasion or tumour type and the pattern of chromosome loss or gain was identified, although monosomy X was identified almost exclusively in invasive serous carcinomas. These observations are consistent with the concept that LMP tumours are unlikely to be precursors of ovarian carcinoma, but suggest that chromosome instability is important in the development of the invasive phenotype. Copyright (C) 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)53-59
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Pathology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1999

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