Numerical simulations on airflow within street canyons were performed to investigate the effect of the street aspect ratio and wind speed on velocity profiles inside a street canyon. Three-dimensional Standard, Renormalization Group (RNG) and Realizable k-ε turbulence model are employed using the commercial CFD code FLUENT to solve the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations. A comparison of the results from the presently adopted models with those previously published demonstrated that the k-e model is most reliable when simulating wind flow. The model is then employed to predict the flow structures in a street canyon for a range of aspect ratios (building height to street width ratio) between 0.5-2 at Reynolds number of 9000, 19200 and 30700 corresponding to the ambient wind speeds of 0.68m/s, 1.46m/s and 2.32m/s respectively. It is observed that the flow structure in the street canyon is influenced by the buildings aspect ratios and prevailing wind speeds. As the street aspect ratio increases, the air ventilation within the canyon reduces.
|Title of host publication||IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
|Event||2nd International Conference on Mechanical Engineering Research, ICMER 2013 - Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia|
Duration: 1 Jul 2013 → 3 Jul 2013
|Conference||2nd International Conference on Mechanical Engineering Research, ICMER 2013|
|Period||1/07/13 → 3/07/13|