Observation of a triangular-lattice pattern in nonlinear wave mixing with optical vortices

B. Pinheiro da Silva (Lead / Corresponding author), G. H. dos Santos, A. G. de Oliveira, N. Rubiano da Silva, W. T. Buono, R. M. Gomes, W. C. Soares, A. J. Jesus-Silva, E. J.S. Fonseca, P. H.Souto Ribeiro, A. Z. Khoury

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Preparation, control, and measurement of optical vortices are increasingly important, as they play essential roles in both fundamental science and optical technology applications. Spatial light modulation is the main approach behind the control strategies, although there are limitations concerning the controllable wavelength. It is therefore crucial to develop approaches that expand the spectral range of light modulation. Here, we demonstrate the modulation of light by light in nonlinear optical interactions to demonstrate the identification of the topological charge of optical vortices. A triangular-lattice pattern is observed in light beams resulting from the spatial cross modulation between an optical vortex and a triangular shaped beam undergoing parametric interaction. Both up- and downconversion processes are investigated, and the far-field image of the converted beam exhibits a triangular lattice. The number of sites and the lattice orientation are determined by the topological charge of the vortex beam. In the downconversion process, the lattice orientation can also be affected by phase conjugation. The observed cross modulation works for a large variety of spatial field structures. Our results show that modulation of light by light can be used at wavelengths for which solid-state devices are not yet available.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)908-912
Number of pages5
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 4 Aug 2022


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