On activating exemplars

CN Macrae, GV Bodenhausen, L Castelli, Astrid M. Schloerscheidt, S Greco, AB Milne

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    37 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In four experiments, we investigated the automaticity of exemplar activation. In the first three studies, using a modified flanker task, we investigated the involuntary activation of exemplar-based representations in the presence of triggering verbal stimuli. Results of all three studies demonstrated the unintentional activation of exemplars in memory. In addition, we also identified the temporal parameters (i.e., Study 2) and cerebral localization (i.e., Study 3) of exemplar-based interference effects. In Study 4, we considered the behavioral consequences of exemplar activation. As predicted, the results demonstrated a direct effect of exemplar activation on participants' behavior. We discuss our findings in the context of contemporary issues in person perception and behavioral priming. (C) 1998 Academic Press.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)330-354
    Number of pages25
    JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
    Volume34
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 1998

    Keywords

    • INFORMATION
    • SCHEMA ABSTRACTION
    • IMPRESSION-FORMATION
    • STEREOTYPES
    • SOCIAL-PERCEPTION
    • CLASSIFICATION
    • TIME COURSE
    • PREFRONTAL CORTEX
    • STROOP INTERFERENCE
    • ATTENTION

    Cite this

    Macrae, CN., Bodenhausen, GV., Castelli, L., Schloerscheidt, A. M., Greco, S., & Milne, AB. (1998). On activating exemplars. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 34(4), 330-354. https://doi.org/10.1006/jesp.1998.1353
    Macrae, CN ; Bodenhausen, GV ; Castelli, L ; Schloerscheidt, Astrid M. ; Greco, S ; Milne, AB. / On activating exemplars. In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 1998 ; Vol. 34, No. 4. pp. 330-354.
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    abstract = "In four experiments, we investigated the automaticity of exemplar activation. In the first three studies, using a modified flanker task, we investigated the involuntary activation of exemplar-based representations in the presence of triggering verbal stimuli. Results of all three studies demonstrated the unintentional activation of exemplars in memory. In addition, we also identified the temporal parameters (i.e., Study 2) and cerebral localization (i.e., Study 3) of exemplar-based interference effects. In Study 4, we considered the behavioral consequences of exemplar activation. As predicted, the results demonstrated a direct effect of exemplar activation on participants' behavior. We discuss our findings in the context of contemporary issues in person perception and behavioral priming. (C) 1998 Academic Press.",
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    author = "CN Macrae and GV Bodenhausen and L Castelli and Schloerscheidt, {Astrid M.} and S Greco and AB Milne",
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    Macrae, CN, Bodenhausen, GV, Castelli, L, Schloerscheidt, AM, Greco, S & Milne, AB 1998, 'On activating exemplars', Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 330-354. https://doi.org/10.1006/jesp.1998.1353

    On activating exemplars. / Macrae, CN; Bodenhausen, GV; Castelli, L; Schloerscheidt, Astrid M.; Greco, S; Milne, AB.

    In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 34, No. 4, 07.1998, p. 330-354.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - On activating exemplars

    AU - Macrae, CN

    AU - Bodenhausen, GV

    AU - Castelli, L

    AU - Schloerscheidt, Astrid M.

    AU - Greco, S

    AU - Milne, AB

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    N2 - In four experiments, we investigated the automaticity of exemplar activation. In the first three studies, using a modified flanker task, we investigated the involuntary activation of exemplar-based representations in the presence of triggering verbal stimuli. Results of all three studies demonstrated the unintentional activation of exemplars in memory. In addition, we also identified the temporal parameters (i.e., Study 2) and cerebral localization (i.e., Study 3) of exemplar-based interference effects. In Study 4, we considered the behavioral consequences of exemplar activation. As predicted, the results demonstrated a direct effect of exemplar activation on participants' behavior. We discuss our findings in the context of contemporary issues in person perception and behavioral priming. (C) 1998 Academic Press.

    AB - In four experiments, we investigated the automaticity of exemplar activation. In the first three studies, using a modified flanker task, we investigated the involuntary activation of exemplar-based representations in the presence of triggering verbal stimuli. Results of all three studies demonstrated the unintentional activation of exemplars in memory. In addition, we also identified the temporal parameters (i.e., Study 2) and cerebral localization (i.e., Study 3) of exemplar-based interference effects. In Study 4, we considered the behavioral consequences of exemplar activation. As predicted, the results demonstrated a direct effect of exemplar activation on participants' behavior. We discuss our findings in the context of contemporary issues in person perception and behavioral priming. (C) 1998 Academic Press.

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    KW - SCHEMA ABSTRACTION

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    KW - TIME COURSE

    KW - PREFRONTAL CORTEX

    KW - STROOP INTERFERENCE

    KW - ATTENTION

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    Macrae CN, Bodenhausen GV, Castelli L, Schloerscheidt AM, Greco S, Milne AB. On activating exemplars. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 1998 Jul;34(4):330-354. https://doi.org/10.1006/jesp.1998.1353