On the Art of Binocular Rivalry

Nicholas J. Wade (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
127 Downloads (Pure)


Binocular rivalry has a longer descriptive history than stereoscopic depth perception both of which were transformed by Wheatstone's invention of the stereoscope. Thereafter, artistic interest in binocular vision has been largely confined to stereopsis. A brief survey of research on binocular contour rivalry is followed by anaglyphic examples of its expression as art. Rivalling patterns can be photographs, graphics, and combinations of them. In addition, illustrations of binocular lustre and interactions between rivalry and stereopsis are presented, as are rivalling portraits of some pioneers of the science and art of binocular vision. The question of why a dynamic process like binocular rivalry has been neglected in visual art is addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
Issue number6
Early online date25 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


  • anaglyphs
  • binocular art
  • contour rivalry
  • graphics
  • lustre
  • photography
  • portraits
  • stereoscopic vision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Artificial Intelligence


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