On the origins of terms in binocular vision

Nicholas J. Wade (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
63 Downloads (Pure)


Vision with two eyes has been commented upon for many centuries, and the principal concern has been with binocular single vision. The terminology we apply to binocular vision developed rapidly after the invention of the stereoscope in the early 19th century. The origins of terms such as anaglyph, binocular lustre, chromatic stereoscope, cyclopean eye, dichoptic, horopter, pseudoscope, rivalry, stereoscope, stereograph, and stereopsis are described together with portraits of those who introduced them.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
Issue number1
Early online date24 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • binocular rivalry
  • binocular terminology
  • colour stereoscopy, anaglyph
  • horopter
  • lustre
  • stereopsis
  • stereoscope
  • stereoscopic vision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Artificial Intelligence


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