Oncogenic PIK3CA corrupts growth factor signaling specificity

R. R. Madsen (Lead / Corresponding author), A. Le Marois, O. Mruk, M. Voliotis, S. Yin, Jahangir Sufi, Xiao Qin, S. J. Zhao, J. Gorczynska, D. Morelli, Lindsay Davidson, E. Sahai, V. I. Korolchuk, C. J. Tape, B. Vanhaesebroeck

Research output: Working paper/PreprintPreprint

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Abstract

Pathological activation of the PI3K/AKT pathway is among the most frequent defects in human cancer and is also the cause of rare overgrowth disorders. Yet, there is currently no systematic understanding of the quantitative flow of information within PI3K/AKT signaling and how it is perturbed by disease-causing mutations. Here, we develop scalable, single-cell approaches for systematic analyses of signal processing within the PI3K pathway, enabling precise calculations of its information transfer for different growth factors. Using genetically-engineered human cell models with allele dose-dependent expression of PIK3CAH1047R, we show that this oncogene is not a simple, constitutive pathway activator but a context-dependent modulator of extracellular signal transfer. PIK3CAH1047Rreduces information transmission downstream of IGF1 while selectively enhancing EGF-induced signaling and transcriptional responses. This leads to a gross reduction in signaling specificity, akin to “blurred” signal perception. The associated increase in signaling heterogeneity promotes phenotypic diversity in a human cervical cancer cell line model and in human induced pluripotent stem cells. Collectively, these findings and the accompanying methodological advances lay the foundations for a systematic mapping of the quantitative mechanisms of PI3K/AKT-dependent signal processing and phenotypic control in health and disease.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherBioRxiv
Pages1-50
Number of pages50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Systems biology

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