Organisational factors in relation to control of blood pressure: An observational study

Melanie Inkster, Alan Montgomery, Peter Donnan, Tom MacDonald, Frank Sullivan, Tom Fahey (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Studies show that 60-75% of treated patients with hypertension in general practice, still do not reach the recommended blood pressure targets of <150/90 mmHg. Aim: To investigate aspects of hypertension management in relation to sociodemographic variables, antihypertensive drug treatment, and organisational factors in primary care. Design of study: Observational study over 3 years. Setting: Eight general practices in Tayside, UK. Method: Participants were 560 randomly selected patients aged 40-79 years receiving treatment for hypertension. The outcome measurement was blood pressure control, expressed in binary form based on the British Hypertension Society audit standard of <150/90 mmHg. Results: Of 536 eligible patients, 261 (49%) were defined as having inadequate blood pressure control at the end of the study period. No significant associations were discovered with sex, age, deprivation score and comorbidity. In those patients with inadequate control, 30% had no modifications to their drug treatment during the study period. Blood pressure control at the end of the study period was not associated with number of antihypertensive drugs taken or number of antihypertensive drug modifications. The mean number of clinician contacts was 11 (standard deviation = 8), and mean continuity in primary care was high, although this was not associated with improved blood pressure control. A higher proportion of hypertension-related consultations were associated with increased odds of having inadequate blood pressure control. Conclusion: Achieving adequate blood pressure control continues to represent a substantial health problem in a significant proportion of the hypertensive population. Patient, physician and organisational elements play a role in ensuring effective delivery of hypertension care in the community.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)931-937
    Number of pages7
    JournalBritish Journal of General Practice
    Volume55
    Issue number521
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2005

    Keywords

    • Continuity of care
    • Hypertension
    • Physician-patient relations

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Organisational factors in relation to control of blood pressure: An observational study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this