Out-of-plane response of three-leaf stone masonry walls taking account of soil-structure interaction: an experimental study

Aikaterini-Anna Manoledaki, Vasileios Drosos, Ioannis Anastasopoulos, Elizabeth Vintzileou, George Gazetas

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


    This paper studies the out-of-plane seismic response of stone masonry walls, typically encountered in historic and monumental structures, with due consideration to soil foundation structure interaction (SFSI). The problem is investigated experimentally, through a series of pushover tests, performed on reduced scale (1:3) specimens. Each specimen consisted of a three-leaf stone masonry wall built on top of a rectangular footing. The walls were subjected to out-of-plane displacement, imposed at mid-height. The specimens were tested as built, with the exception of one specimen tested in strengthened condition. In a first phase, a set of experiments were conducted ignoring SFSI. Then, in a second phase, the masonry wall foundation specimens were founded on a sand substratum to investigate the role of SFSI. The effect of soil resilience was examined by modelling two idealized soil deposits: (a) dense sand of relative density D-r = 92%, and (b) loose sand of relative density D-r = 33%. The observed failure modes are discussed with due emphasis on the cracking patterns of the walls and post-test soil deformation. As shown by the obtained test results, the out-of-plane seismic performance of the walls was substantially affected by SFSI effects, as well as by the boundary conditions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationStructural analysis of historical constructions
    Subtitle of host publicationproceedings of the International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions
    EditorsJerzy Jasienko
    Place of PublicationWrocław, Poland
    PublisherDolnośląskie Wydawnictwo Edukacyjne
    Number of pages7
    ISBN (Print)9788371252167
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    Event8th International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions, SAHC 2012 - Wroclaw, Poland
    Duration: 15 Oct 201217 Oct 2012


    Conference8th International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions, SAHC 2012


    • Three-leaf Out-of-plane
    • Stone masonry
    • Pushover tests
    • Soil-structure interaction

    Cite this