Pain and discomfort in mammography

Patsy Whelehan (Lead / Corresponding author), Deborah Nelson, Rebecca Berry

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


This chapter enables readers to learn the basics of what pain is, and how it may be distinct from discomfort. The importance of using validated measures to assess or investigate pain is emphasised, and some examples are provided. The chapter provides an overview of current evidence on how important pain is in mammography, both in terms of the extent and severity of pain experienced among clients, and in terms of the potential for pain to reduce participation in mammography. Factors that affect whether or how much pain is experienced during mammography are discussed. Interventions that have been shown to be effective in reducing mammographic pain are briefly reviewed. While there may be a shortage of formal interventions that have been shown to be effective, the chapter enables practitioners to identify some of the steps they can take to minimise pain and discomfort for their clients.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDigital Mammography
Subtitle of host publicationA Holistic Approach
EditorsClaire Mercer, Peter Hogg, Judith Kelly
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9783031108983
ISBN (Print)9783031108976, 9783031109003
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2022


  • Mammography
  • Pain
  • Pain measurement
  • Patient experience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology


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