Parafoveal-on-foveal effects in normal reading

Alan Kennedy, Joel Pynte

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    239 Citations (Scopus)


    A corpus of eye movement data derived from 10 English and 10 French participants, each reading about 50,000 words, was examined for evidence that properties of a word in parafoveal vision have an immediate effect on foveal inspection time. When inspecting a short word, there is evidence that the lexical frequency of an adjacent word affects processing time. When inspecting a long word, there are small effects of lexical frequency, but larger effects of initial-letter constraint and orthographic familiarity. Interactions of this kind are incompatible with models of reading which appeal to the operation of a serial attention switch.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)153-168
    Number of pages16
    JournalVision Research
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2005


    • Reading
    • Parafoveal-on-foveal effects
    • Eye movement control


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