Parametric Study of Nonlinear Wave Loads on Submerged Decks in Shallow Water

Masoud Hayatdavoodi (Lead / Corresponding author), Kayley Treichel, R. Cengiz Ertekin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
163 Downloads (Pure)


This study is concerned with calculations of nonlinear wave loads on submerged, horizontal decks in shallow water. Solitary and cnoidal wave loads on submerged decks are determined by use of the Level I Green-Naghdi (GN) equations. Results of the GN equations are compared with the linear theory, CFD, and with available laboratory measurements. Variation of the horizontal and vertical wave-induced loads and the overturning moment on submerged decks is studied through an extensive parametric study. In total, 240 cases are considered for cnoidal waves and 84 cases for solitary waves. The variable parameters include the wave height, wave period, deck submergence depth and deck length. Based on the parametric study results, two empirical, design-type equations are suggested for estimating the vertical and horizontal forces on submerged decks. Results of the empirical equations are compared with the available laboratory measurements and CFD calculations and good agreement is observed. Examples are provided to demonstrate the use of the empirical equations for prototype cases. The parametric study and the empirical equations provide engineers with the preliminary determination of wave loads on submerged decks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-289
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Fluids and Structures
Early online date7 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019


  • Cnoidal wave
  • Coastal bridges
  • Green–Naghdi equations
  • Parametric study
  • Solitary wave
  • Submerged deck
  • Wave loads

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Parametric Study of Nonlinear Wave Loads on Submerged Decks in Shallow Water'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this