This communication considers how representation was understood and articulated within the context of the two elected estates of the Scottish parliament (the representatives of the towns and of the counties who sat alongside the estates of peers and bishops who sat by individual right). I will discuss the general principles by which representation was conceptualised and examine in more detail two manifestations of representation. The first consists of the written and verbal interactions between the elected representatives (‘commissioners’) and their electors before, during and after parliamentary sessions. The second comprises the texts of their ‘commissions’, the official documents that the elected representatives carried with them to parliament. These documents recorded their election, acted as their mandate and included language indicative of the electors’ understanding of their relationship with their representatives. So this paper will consider three separate aspects of this topic: the theory of representation in the early modern Scottish parliament; how that theory operated in practice; and political rhetoric expressed in the mandates of elected representatives.
|Title of host publication||Dois Seculos de Constitucionalismo Eleitoral im Portugal, 1820-2020|
|Subtitle of host publication||Two centuries of electoral constitutionalism in Portugal, 1820-2020 : conference proceedings|
|Editors||Vital Moreira, Jose Domingues|
|Place of Publication||Lisbon|
|Publisher||Universidade Lusiada Editora|
|Number of pages||14|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|