Particle acceleration in plasmoid ejections derived from radio drifting pulsating structures

N. Nishizuka (Lead / Corresponding author), M. Karlický, M. Janvier, M. Bárta

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    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We report observations of slowly drifting pulsating structures (DPSs) in the 0.8-4.5 GHz frequency range of the RT4 and RT5 radio spectrographs at Ondřejov Observatory, between 2002 and 2012.We found 106 events of DPSs, which we classified into four cases: (I) single events with a constant frequency drift (12 events), (II) multiple events occurring in the same flare with constant frequency drifts (11 events), (III) single or multiple events with increasing or decreasing frequency drift rates (52 events), and (IV) complex events containing multiple events occurring at the same time in a different frequency range (31 events). Many DPSs are associated with hard X-ray (HXR) bursts (15-25 keV) and soft X-ray (SXR) gradient peaks, as they typically occurred at the beginning of HXR peaks. This indicates that DPS events are related to the processes of fast energy release and particle acceleration. Furthermore, interpreting DPSs as signatures of plasmoids, we measured their ejection velocity, their width, and their height from the DPS spectra, from which we also estimated the reconnection rate and the plasma beta. In this interpretation, constant frequency drift indicates a constant velocity of a plasmoid, and an increasing/decreasing frequency drift indicates a deceleration/acceleration of a plasmoid ejection. The reconnection rate shows a good positive correlation with the plasmoid velocity. Finally we confirmed that some DPS events show plasmoid counterparts in Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly images.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number126
    Number of pages16
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume799
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015

    Keywords

    • Acceleration of particles
    • Gamma rays
    • Magnetic reconnection
    • Sun: flares
    • Sun: particle emission
    • Sun: radio radiation
    • Sun: X-rays

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