Passivating effect of ternary alloyed AgZnSe shell layer on the structural and luminescent properties of CdS quantum dots

Oluwasesan Adegoke (Lead / Corresponding author), Hanieh Montaseri, Sifiso A. Nsibande, Patricia B.C. Forbes (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
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The surface passivation of luminescent CdS quantum dots (QDs) via epitaxial overgrowth of new alloyed ternary AgZnSe shell layer is reported here. Two synthetic fabrication strategies were used to tune the optical properties of CdS/AgZnSe core/alloyed shell QDs across the visible region. Transmission electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, Raman, UV/vis and fluorescence spectrophotometric techniques were used to characterize the nanocrystals. Analysis of the internal structure of the QDs revealed that homogeneity of the particle reduced as the size increased, thus indicating that the QDs growth transitioned from an interfacial epitaxial homogenous state to a heterogeneous state. The crystal structure of the QDs revealed a distinct zinc-blende diffraction pattern for CdS while CdS/AgZnSe core/alloyed shell QDs kinetically favoured a phase change process from the zinc-blende phase to a wurtzite phase. Analysis of the photophysical properties revealed varying degrees of interfacial defect state suppression in CdS/AgZnSe QDs which was dependent on the QDs size. Specifically, the fluorescence quantum yield (QY) of CdS/AgZnSe QDs was at most ~5-fold higher than the CdS core and varied from 35% to 73%. We found that band gap modulation via the synthetic fabrication strategy employed, influenced the optical properties of the core/alloyed shell QDs. The CdS/AgZnSe QDs produced in this work hold great promise in light-emitting optoelectronic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-170
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Science in Semiconductor Processing
Early online date30 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019


  • Alloyed
  • Photoluminescence
  • Quantum dots
  • Quantum yield
  • Surface defects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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