Patient positioning (mobilisation) and bracing for pain relief and spinal stability in metastatic spinal cord compression in adults

Siew Hwa Lee, Katherine M. Cox, Robin Grant, Catriona M. Kennedy, Lynn Kilbride

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)
    120 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Background: Many patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) have spinal instability but are determined, by their clinician, to be unsuitable for surgical internal fixation due to their advanced disease. Mobilisation may be hazardous in the presence of spinal instability as further vertebral col lapse can occur. Current guidance on positioning (or mobilisation) and spinal bracing is contradictory.

    Objectives: To investigate the correct positioning (or mobilisation) and examine the effects of spinal bracing to relieve pain or to prevent further vertebral collapse in patients with MSCC.

    Search methods: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, CAN CERLIT, NICE, SIGN, AMED, TRIP, National Guideline Clearinghouse and PEDro database were searched; the last search was run in February 2012.

    Selection criteria: We selected randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of adults with MSCC of interventions on positioning or mobilisation and bracing.

    Data collection and analysis: Two review authors independently assessed each possible study for inclusion and quality.

    Main results
    : One thousand, six hundred and eleven potentially relevant studies were screened. No studies met the inclusion criteria. Many papers identified the importance of mobilisation but no RCTs have been undertaken. No RCTs of bracing in MSCC were identified.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberCD007609
    Pages (from-to)1-14
    Number of pages14
    JournalCochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Keywords

    • spinal cord
    • mobilisation
    • pain relief

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