Peer Gender and Schooling: Evidence from Ethiopia

Daniel Borbely, Jonathan Norris, Agnese Romiti

Research output: Working paper/PreprintDiscussion paper

70 Downloads (Pure)


In this paper, we study how classmate gender composition matters for students in Ethiopia. We base our results on a unique survey of students across classrooms and schools and among those randomly assigned to class. We find a strong asymmetry: males do not and females do benefit from exposure to more female classmates with less school absence and improvement on math test scores. We further find that exposure to more female classmates improves motivation and participation in class, and in general, that the effects of classmate gender composition are consistent with social interaction effects.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages67
ISBN (Print)ISSN: 2365-9793
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Publication series

NameIZA Discussion Papers


  • peer effects
  • gender
  • school performance
  • Ethiopia


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