PENELLOPE: III. the peculiar accretion variability of XX Cha and its impact on the observed spread of accretion rates

R. A.B. Claes, C. F. Manara, R. Garcia-Lopez, A. Natta, M. Fang, Z. P. Fockter, P. Abraham, J. M. Alcala, J. Campbell-White, A. Caratti O Garatti, E. Covino, D. Fedele, A. Frasca, J. F. Gameiro, G. J. Herczeg, A. Kospal, M. G. Petr-Gotzens, G. Rosotti, L. Venuti, G. Zsidi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
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The processes regulating protoplanetary disk evolution are constrained by studying how mass accretion rates scale with stellar and disk properties. The spread in these relations can be used as a constraint to the models of disk evolution, but only if the impact of accretion variability is correctly accounted for. While the effect of variability might be substantial in the embedded phases of star formation, it is often considered limited at later stages. Here we report on the observed large variation in the accretion rate for one target, XX Cha, and we discuss the impact on population studies of classical T Tauri stars. The mass accretion rate determined by fitting the UV-to-near-infrared spectrum in recent X-shooter observations is compared with the one measured with the same instrument 11 years before. XX Cha displays an accretion variability of almost 2 dex between 2010 and 2021. Although the timescales on which this variability happens are uncertain, XX Cha displays an extreme accretion variability for a classical T Tauri star. If such behavior is common among classical T Tauri stars, possibly on longer timescales than previously probed, it could be relevant for discussing the disk evolution models constrained by the observed spread in accretion rates. Finally, we remark that previous studies of accretion variability based on spectral lines may have underestimated the variability of some targets.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL7
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022


  • Accretion
  • Accretion disks
  • Herbig Ae/Be
  • Stars: individual: XX Cha
  • Stars: pre-main sequence
  • Stars: variables: T Tauri

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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