Performance evaluation of a magnetorheological fluid damper using numerical and theoretical methods with experimental validation

Ali El-Wahed (Lead / Corresponding author), Haochen Wang

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Abstract

Magnetorheological (MR) fluids which can exhibit substantial reversible rheological changes under the excitation of external magnetic fields, have enabled the construction of many novel and robust electromechanical devices in recent years. Generally, Bingham plastic model is utilized for the estimation of the characteristics of MR fluids. However, when the geometry and design of the MR device as well as the rheological conditions of the fluid itself become complicated due to the engineering application requirements, the accuracy of Bingham plastic model, which simplifies the relation between the fluid shear stress, and shear rate into a linear function, is degraded. In this paper, a multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) magnetorheological fluid damper with a novel ball-and-socket structure was developed, which was aimed to enhance the human shoulder rehabilitation treatment. The performance of the proposed smart device with its complex design was estimated numerically using a finite element method (FEM) with a Herschel-Bulkley model and theoretically with a model that is based on a Bingham plastic fluid characteristics. The performance of the developed damper was validated experimentally using a dedicated testing facility for various input conditions. It was found that the FEM simulations with the Herschel-Bulkley model showed a better agreement with the experimental results in comparison with the theoretical predictions which were somewhat degraded with the employed Bingham plastic model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number27
Number of pages9
JournalFrontiers in Materials
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2019

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Keywords

  • Bingham plastic model
  • Finite element modeling
  • Herschel-Bulkley model
  • MDOF smart damper
  • Magnetorheological fluids

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