Background: The objective of this study was to characterise the incidence and prognostic correlation of perineural invasion (PNI) in oral squamous cell carcinoma and determine whether nerve growth factor and its receptor tyrosine Kinase A expression could be used as biological markers for PNI.
Methods: A retrospective review of pathology reports of 430 patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma who were treated from 1992 to 2014 in Tayside, Scotland, was carried out. The expression of nerve growth factor and tyrosine kinase A was assessed with immunohistochemistry in 132 tissue sections of oral squamous cell carcinoma.
Results: Perineural invasion was identified in 17.4% of oral squamous cell carcinomas. High expression of nerve growth factor and tyrosine kinase A was seen in 84% and 92% of oral squamous cell carcinoma, respectively. Tumours with PNI expressed nerve growth factor and tyrosine kinase A with a greater frequency than tumours without PNI. PNI and high expression of nerve growth factor were significantly associated with pain. PNI was significantly associated with stage IV tumours and poor disease‐specific survival.
Conclusions: A higher level of expression of nerve growth factor and tyrosine kinase A may predict PNI and therefore may be considered as biological markers for PNI in oral squamous cell carcinoma. PNI and nerve growth factor overexpression may contribute to the pain generation in oral cancer patients. PNI and nerve growth factor expression can predict the aggressiveness and prognosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients.
- Perineural Invasion
- Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma
- Nerve Growth Factor
- Tyrosine Kinase A
- perineural invasion
- nerve growth factor
- tyrosine kinase A
- oral squamous cell carcinoma
Perineural Invasion in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Salivary Gland Malignancies: Incidence, Prognostic Impact and Molecular InsightAuthor: Alkhadar, H., 2020
Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis › Doctor of Philosophy