Aim: To identify demographic factors, including protected characteristics, and training specific factors which predict a nonstandard Annual Review of Competency Progression (ARCP) outcome during Trauma and Orthopedic Specialty training in the United Kingdom (UK).
Method: A longitudinal cohort study using data from UKMED was performed. ARCP outcome was the primary outcome measure. Multilevel univariate and multiple ordinal regression analyses were performed using STATA v 15.
Results: Two thousand five hundred and ten Trauma and Orthopedic surgery trainees (ST3-ST8) with an ARCP outcome between 2010 and 2017 were included, comprising 11,011 ARCP outcomes. Eighty five percent (2130/2510) of trainees were male. Eighty two percent of outcomes were satisfactory. Female trainees had a 26% increased risk of nonstandard outcome (OR 1.26 95% CI 1.10-1.44) after adjusting for other factors. Older age at ARCP was associated with an increased risk of nonstandard ARCP outcome (OR 1.04 95% CI 1.03-1.06). International medical graduates had a 34% decreased risk of nonstandard outcome compared to UK graduates (OR 0.66 95% CI 0.54-0.81). Less than full time training was not associated with risk of a nonstandard ARCP outcome (OR 0.92 95% CI 0.76-1.12).
Conclusion: Female sex and older age at ARCP were significantly associated with nonstandard ARCP outcomes in Trauma and Orthopedic surgery, while international medical graduation was protective.
- Postgraduate education
- Surgical Education
- Surgical Training
- gender bias
- medical education