Phase equilibrium study in the CaO-K2O-B2O3-H2O system at 25°C

Zsolt Apagyi, Laszlo J. Csetenyi (Lead / Corresponding author)

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21 Citations (Scopus)


The CaO-K2O-B2O3-H2O system has been investigated at 25°C by extending experimentally data in the literature. By analogy with the corresponding known Na-borates, seven supersaturated mixtures of similar alkali/boron molar ratios were prepared but with potassium substituting for sodium. The mixtures were shaken regularly and attainment of the equilibrium state was monitored by flame emission spectroscopy for potassium. Equilibria were established typically after 1-3 months. The solids in the mixtures were identified by X-ray diffraction technique, and the solutions were analysed using ICP-spectroscopy. Solubility data of KB5O8·4H2O, KB3O3(OH)4·2H2O, K2B4O5(OH)4· 2H2O, KBO2·1.25H2O, and K2CaB8O14·12H2O were determined and used to extend the database of the thermodynamic modelling computer code PHREEQC. Phase diagrams of the CaO-K2O-B2O3-H2O system and its subsystems were constructed for 25°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1087-1091
Number of pages5
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2001


  • Borate
  • CaO
  • KOH
  • Modelling
  • Thermodynamic calculations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Ceramics and Composites


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