Photoconductivity is the incremental change in the electrical conductivity of a semiconductor or insulator, upon illumination. The behaviour of photoconductivity with photon energy, light intensity and temperature, and its time evolution and frequency dependence, can reveal a great deal about carrier generation, transport and recombination processes. Many of these processes now have a sound theoretical basis and so it is possible, with due caution, to use photoconductivity as a diagnostic tool in the study of new electronic materials and devices. This chapter describes the main steady-state and transient photoconductivity techniques applied in the investigation of semiconductors whose performance is limited by the presence of localised electronic states. These materials tend to be disordered, and possess low carrier mobilities and short free-carrier lifetimes in comparison with crystalline silicon. They are often prepared as thin films, and are of interest for large-area application e.g. in solar cells, display backplane transistors, photoemissive devices such as organic LEDs and medical imagers. However, examples of where these techniques have been useful in the study of defective crystalline semiconductors are also given. The approach followed here is by way of an introduction to the techniques, the physics supporting them, and their applications, it being understood that readers requiring more detailed information will consult the references provided.
|Title of host publication||Springer Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials|
|Editors||Safa Kasap, Peter Capper|
|Place of Publication||Switzerland|
|Publisher||Springer International Publishing|
|Number of pages||23|
|Publication status||Published - Sept 2017|