Picosecond (~10 ps) pulsed laser irradiation at 532 nm led to the efficient and scalable fabrication of dichroic areas in glass with spherical silver nanoparticles of ~30 – 40 nm in diameter embedded in a surface layer of thickness ~20 µm. The observed dichroism is due to the uniform and permanent shape transformation of the nanoparticles - from spherical to spheroidal shapes - throughout the irradiated areas and along the laser polarization direction, paving the way for affordable manufacture of polarization-selective diffractive optical elements. The shape modification threshold and the dichroism as a result of Surface Plasmon Resonance band separation were identified. The process was then studied as a function of the laser polarization, repetition rate and the number of pulses fired per spot.
- Laser materials processing
- Glass and other amorphous materials
- Optical materials