Political Connections, Government Ownership, and Earnings Management: Evidence from Jordan

Mohammad Alhadab (Lead / Corresponding author), Modar Abdullatif, Ahmed Hassan Ahmed, Yasean Tahat, Israa Mansour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examines the impact of political connections and government ownership on accrual and real earnings management. Based on a Jordanian sample of 310 firm-year observations, the study finds evidence that politically-connected firms exhibit a higher level of real earnings management, compared to non-politically-connected firms. This evidence suggests that politically-connected firms in Jordan opportunistically manipulate reported income to obtain a private gain through the use of real activities-based manipulation, at the expense of other minority shareholders. This may be caused by real earnings management activities being less subject to the risk of detection and monitoring. Further, the study finds evidence that government-connected firms engage in a lower level of accrual and real earnings management compared to non-government-connected firms, suggesting a positive effect for government ownership on the quality of financial reporting.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-126
Number of pages34
JournalInternational Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Performance Evaluation
Volume17
Issue number1-2
Early online date14 Sep 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Accrual earnings management
  • Financial reporting quality
  • Government ownership
  • Jordan
  • Political connections
  • Real earnings management

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